Special Form of Public Speaking: Steps in An Interview
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Special Form of Public Speaking: Steps in An Interview

Remember that interviews take many forms - from casual conversation to the job application. For this reason, it is difficult to classify all of them. There are two types of interview: the private interview and the public interview.
              public speaking form: interview

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In preparing for an interview, bear in mind the following pointers: First, determine what is to be accomplished in the interview; second, make a careful analysis of the other person which would include a knowledge of his background, education, family, affiliations, work or profession, interests and hobbies, and other pertinent facts; third, with the objective of the interview in mind, make an outline of the course of the interview. Most interviews go through a series of steps which should form the basis for the outline. Frequently, the actual interview may not follow them, yet the outline serves as a guide and pattern which keeps the discussion on a logical track. The following represents the steps:

Steps in the Interview

  • The Approach: The physical setting and manner of getting started.
  • Attention: The opening remarks, greeting, common ground, and statement of purpose (if this is to be done directly).
  • Need or Problem Drawing Out: Statement of the situation, information needed, or problem to be solved.
  • Solution: Arrival at a solution, plan, or action desired.
  • Action: Affirmation of the specific action or steps to be taken as a result of the interview.

Remember that interviews take many forms - from casual conversation to the job application. For this reason, it is difficult to classify all of them. However, to develop skills in the interview here are some projects to give experience in this special form of public speaking in a variety of situations. The projects should be five to ten (or more) minutes in length, with ample time left for discussion and criticism.

Here are some types of practice projects:

  • To develop pleasant relations: Have two of your colleagues meet as though on the street and discuss items of current interest. The responsibility of each participant is to keep the discussion moving and in the interest of the other person.
  • To explain: Have one person assume the responsibility of calling on another with specific objective of making something clear.
  • To seek information: One person calls on another to seek information or facts, as in a press interview.
  • To resolve a conflict - Assuming a point of issue, as in a supervisor-employee or labor management dispute, have one person try to resolve the differences in the other person's mind.
  • To sell or persuade: Have one person attempt to sell a product or persuade the other person toward a point of view. This might include selling himself, as in a job interview.

In conducting these practice projects, the person who wants to accomplish the objective is the one who does the major preparation for the interview. The other person prepares by trying to assume the situation at hand as a real life situation in which he presents the usual problems or obstacles to the interviewer. Role playing becomes an important part of the projects. Time spent in this direction will surely result in more resourceful and better prepared person who can be an important influence toward better human relations in all walks of life.

Finally, there are two types of interview: the private interview and the public interview. The private interview consists of vis-a-vis talking between an employer and a job applicant or between a school official and a student seeking admission into college. In this kind of talk, the person interviewed is assessed and evaluated by means of his responses during the interview, by his personal appearance and by his qualities as a candidate for acceptance or admission into the organization. The public interview is a formal or informal talk performed before a large group of audience who may or may not be present within the premises where the interview takes place. In this type of interview, the person interviewed is introduced to the public - his academic qualifications are stated, his position in the organization he works for is mentioned, and his personal qualities are specified in order to enhance and promote ready acceptance of him as a worthy individual to be interviewed. Examples of this type of interview are the TV shows concurrently appearing in our modern television. In both types of interview, the question and answer technique is used for effectiveness.


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Comments (2)

This is a most beneficial article. Well composed with lots of important facts to help during the interview process. Promoted.

Coming back with a well deserved vote up.