The Conjunction and Interjection
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The Conjunction and Interjection

The Conjunction and Interjection

The word conjunction comes from the prefix con, which means "together" and junct, means "join". Therefore, a conjunction is a word or a group of words that is used to connect words, phrases or clauses, sentences, and sometimes paragraphs.Conjunctions imply or denote certain relationships between words or groups of words that they connect; but they do not take objects,as do prepositions.

Kinds of Conjunctions

There are tree kinds of conjunctions:coordinating,subordinating,and correlative. 

A. Coordinating Conjunctions-join words, phrases or clauses of equal rank in a sentence (and,but,however,nevetheless,either,or,neither)

Examples:

  • Thomas and Marie will come to help you in your party. 
  • The program was great,but few people came to watch.
  • Neither my father nor my mother agrees to my becoming a nun.
  • Either Karen or Ben will go to the city.
  • The exhibits were put up in the corridor and in the parlor.

B. Subordinating Conjunctions-connect/introduce subordinate clauses to their principal or main clauses (where, when , after, while, because, if , unless, since, whether).

Examples:

  • After the rain, we will pick guavas in the field.
  • if the roads are good,we shall go by car.
  • I will not go to school, unless you come with me.
  • Clean your room while i wash the dishes.
  • Jun courted you because he loves you very much.
  • Whether I'll go with you or not, the show will go on.
  • I have not seen her since her family went to the States.

Note: The subordinating conjunction that may express three ideas.

  1. Therese promised (that) she would come. The simple conjunction is often omitted, but its function mus be clearly understood in the sentence.
  2. This is the dress (that) she wore to the party.
  3. Study hard (that) you may succeed in life.

C.Correlative Conjunctions-always come in pairs.

Examples:

  • If you cannot come, the group will not be complete.
  • Although he is sick, yet he reported for work.

Interjections-are exclamations such as oh,alas,ugh,or well. They are used for emphasis or to express an emotional reaction.(Note: They do not truly function as grammatical elements of a sentence)

Rules to Remember about Interjections:

1. An interjection is independent of the grammatical structure of the sentence.

  • Hail,Holy God!

2. Almost any part of speech may be used as an exclamation and therefore, performs the function of an interjection.

  • Fire! The school is on fire!
  • Help! The baby is falling!

3. Exclamatory expressions are not limited to words but may also expressed in phrases.

  • To the bat cave!
  • Up, up and away!

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