Delivery As an Effective Public Speaking Medium
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Delivery As an Effective Public Speaking Medium

As an effective medium of putting words into action, delivery consists of words, voice, pauses, facial expressions, gestures, posture, and movements united in a single pattern of expression. The elements of delivery are unified and controlled by the central idea in the speaker's mind at any instant and by his desire to communicate this idea.
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What is Delivery?

As an effective medium of putting words into action, delivery consists of words, voice, pauses, facial expressions, gestures, posture, and movements united in a single pattern of expression. The elements of delivery are unified and controlled by the central idea in the speaker's mind at any instant and by his desire to communicate this idea.

Since delivery is the determinant of success or failure of a speech, it is essential to understand the different aspects of it.

First of all, delivery is the physical medium through which the speaker's mind makes contact with the audience's mind. The speaker's sounds and visible stimuli are the only known means of generating the specific ideas, with their shades and subtleties of meaning, which the speaker wishes to arouse in his audience. If the delivery is good, the speech will be impressive, sincere, convincing. If the delivery is poor, the speech will be obscure, insignificant, and dull.

Second, delivery is inseparable from word meaning. In fact, the manner of speaking a word is part of the word, since the manner applies a definite meaning to that particular word. In short, it is how you say a word that it acquires a specific meaning. For example, if you utter the word YES in different tones or pitches and in different ways, you communicate different meanings. "YES" uttered with a rising pitch may turn the word into a question having a meaning of "What do you wish?" or "Is it all right?" but when "YES" is uttered with a normal pitch or with a prolongation of the vowel sound, it may connote a definite, final affirmation of something.

Third, delivery is highly individual. No two people have the same delivery and speech patterns for not two people place the same or identical values on their thoughts. Therefore, it is necessary that every speaker must cultivate his own individual style of speaking most expressive of his personality and most suited to the needs of the speaking situation and the audience.

The individuality and personality of the speaker are clearly revealed through delivery for, at the moment of delivery, a speaker represents what he, himself, wants to be, i.e., what makes an audience approve or disapprove the aspects of a speaker's delivery of his ideas are actually personality traits outwardly manifested through his delivery of speech. For instance, the manner of delivery of speech is really influenced and controlled by the type of the speaker's personality acceptable to audiences rather than by the acts of the delivery themselves. If a speaker wishes to speak vigorously, he must be vigorous; if he wants to appear to be poised, he should feel poised, and if he desires to change his mode of delivery, he must change his thought.

To be individualistic and unique in the style of delivery, a speaker should think and feel what he says when he speaks to an audience.

Lastly, delivery is behavior. It is the speaker's reaction to a specific situation involving people, problems, solutions, and desires. It is the speaker's mental reaction to his own thoughts, judgments, conclusions, and attitudes during the moment of delivery and his external reaction to oral expressed opinions of others and to audience's facial expressions in the moment of exchange of ideas and information. In other words, the behavior of the speaker toward his subject and his audiences is clearly manifested in the delivery of his ideas during the moment of communication. For example, if he expresses his ideas forcefully, they will appear forceful; if he speaks with ease, naturalness, and eloquence, it is because he sees nods of approval or favorable responses from his listening group.

 

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Comments (1)

You did an excellent job in explaining what "Delivery" involves but I would like to add, having been a member of Toastmaster's International for more years then I care to think about, the only way to perfect ones delivery is to practice it. To become an effective speaker, one must speak before an audience at every opportunity.

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